Postsurgical Bile Leaks: Endoscopic Obliteration of the Transpapillary Pressure Gradient is Enough
Blood Coagulation Factors
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
These results confirm that endoscopic therapy is highly successful in the treatment of postoperative bile leaks and suggest that the mechanism of healing is the equalization of bile duct and duodenal pressures, allowing flow of bile into the duodenum. The endoscopic placement of short transpapillary stents without sphincterotomy is a temporary, effective, and technically simple method of pressure equalization. This should be considered as the primary therapy for most postoperative bile leaks.