Therapeutic trial of reconstituted human high-density lipoprotein in a canine model of gram-negative septic shock Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • Shock, Septic

abstract

  • In a controlled, randomized trial, the authors investigated the effects of reconstituted human high-density lipoprotein (R-HDL) on survival, endotoxemia, cytokine production and pathophysiologic and metabolic events in an animal model of gram-negative septic shock. At 0.5, 8 and 16 hr after implantation of a clot infected with Escherichia coli, canines received intravenous R-HDL (n = 13), control lipid (n = 7) or human serum albumin (HSA, n = 7) divided into three doses (0.3, 0.1 and 0.1 g/kg, respectively) at an hourly rate of 0.1 g/kg. All animals were treated with antibiotics and fluids. Animals treated with R-HDL had lower levels of circulating endotoxin and tumor necrosis factor and a smaller decrease in white blood cell counts than did animals treated with lipids and HSA (all P < .05). The survival times of lipid- and HSA-treated animals were similar (P = .3) and were significantly greater than those of R-HDL-treated animals (P = .02). During the first 6 hr after clot implantation, R-HDL-treated animals had significantly greater abnormalities in liver function test findings compared with lipid- and HSA-treated animals (all P < .05). For the first 24 hr, R-HDL-treated animals had significant increases in HDL levels; however, there were no significant relationships between these levels and the constituents of HDL (apolipoprotein AI and phosphatidylcholine) or liver function abnormalities and survival times (all r < .2, P > .3). In normal animals, administration of R-HDL (in similar doses) caused transient elevation of liver enzymes; in animals given sterile clot i.p., R-HDL caused seizures.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • January 1995

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 7853173

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 604

end page

  • 11

volume

  • 272

number

  • 2