Loss of heterozygosity in cervical carcinoma: Subchromosomal localization of a putative tumor-suppressor gene to chromosome 11q22-q24
Infection of cervical epithelial cells with so-called "aggressive" subtypes of human papilloma virus (HPV) appears to be an important factor in the etiology of cervical carcinoma. However, mounting evidence suggests that additional genetic changes are required for progression to an invasive carcinoma. Functional studies have shown that human chromosome 11 contains a gene or genes capable of suppressing tumorigenicity in cell lines derived from different histopathological types of cervical carcinoma, suggesting that aberration of this gene(s) may represent at least one of the additional changes required for tumorigenic progression. To identify the likely chromosomal position of this gene(s), we have carried out a systematic genetic analysis of chromosome 11 in the primary tumors of 32 patients with cervical carcinoma. Sixteen highly polymorphic markers, 10 of which were based on simple sequence repeats typed by PCR, were used to compare matched DNA samples from noninvolved tissue and portions of tumor tissue highly enriched for neoplastic cells by the cryostat-sectioning technique. Of the 32 patients examined, 14 (44%) demonstrated clonal genetic alterations resulting in loss of heterozygosity for one or more markers. Seven of the clonal genetic alterations on chromosome 11 were specific to the long arm, and the overlap between these and other allelic deletions suggests that a suppressor gene(s) relevant to cervical carcinoma maps to chromosome 11q22-q24.