Phase I-II trial of high dose ARA-C, carboplatinum, etoposide and steroids in patients with refractory or relapsed lymphomas
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
Thirty-three patients, including 20 with non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) and 13 patients with Hodgkin's disease, were treated with a combination of high dose Ara-C 3 gm/m2 over 3 h, carboplatinum 300 mg/m2 over 15 min, etoposide 300-750 mg/m2 continuous infusion over 24 h and solumedrol 1250 mg. Probantheline was given prophylactically. The etoposide dose was escalated from 300 mg/m2 to 600 mg/m2 to 750 mg/m2. The median age was 44 years (range 28-63). Median Karnofsky performance status was 80 (range 60-100). Patients treated included: primary refractory six, first relapse 14, > first relapse seven, and resistant relapse six. Responses were seen in 11 patients (33%; 95% CI 17-49). Of note, no responses were seen in ten patients receiving < 750 mg/m2 etoposide vs. 11/23 patients receiving 750 mg/m2 etoposide (p = 0.013). Responses were seen in patients who were refractory to previous chemotherapy and occurred in all sites. Toxicity was tolerable with most patients not requiring hospitalization following chemotherapy. Two patients died on study: one of Guillain-Barre syndrome and the other of a sudden death. Severe mucositis was not observed. High dose etoposide based salvage chemotherapy offers a greater probability of response than lower dose etoposide. This regimen is well tolerated and can be administered with relatively brief hospitalization.