Baseline characteristics of subjects in the lipoprotein and coronary atherosclerosis study (LCAS) with fluvastatin Academic Article Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Lipoproteins, HDL

abstract

  • A total of 429 subjects (79 women and 350 men), aged 35-75 years, have been enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of fluvastatin therapy for hypercholesterolemia. The progression and regression of atherosclerotic lesions will be assessed by quantitative angiography and positron emission tomography (PET) after 2.5 years of treatment. Patients were included in the trial if they had angiographically documented lesions that occluded 30-75% of the diameter of a major coronary vessel. Of the 429 subjects, 99 were also studied by PET at rest and during static exercise of sustained handgrip combined with administration of dipyridamole. All subjects were instructed in an American Heart Association/National Cholesterol Education Program (AHA/NCEP) Step I or Step II diet. Of the total, 107 subjects (25%) had low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) > or = 160 mg/dL and were given cholestyramine, 8 g/day. All subjects were randomized to placebo or fluvastatin, the newest 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor to be introduced into the U.S. market. Fluvastatin is entirely synthetic and is similar in efficacy to the other available HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. Its pharmaceutical profile (i.e., low systemic exposure) makes fluvastatin a good candidate for use in combination lipid-lowering therapy. The majority of subjects were recruited through a community campaign and the remainder through cardiac catheterization laboratories and the medical records of hospitals in the Texas Medical Center. Approximately 8,500 prospects from the community campaign were screened and 272 were randomized, a conversion rate of approximately 3%.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • May 26, 1994

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0002-9149(94)90632-7

PubMed ID

  • 8198024

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 42D

end page

  • 49D

volume

  • 73

number

  • 14