Calorie sources and recovery from central nervous system ischemia
Central Nervous System
Glycerol, sorbitol, and beta-hydroxybutyrate deserve further evaluation as potential nonprotein calorie sources in patients with neurologic injury. Xylitol and fructose are not suitable since these substrates resulted in hyperglycemia and increased lactate accumulation in the central nervous system, and had detrimental effects on electrophysiologic recovery after ischemia. The short-chain fatty acids (acetate and butyrate) also had adverse effects on electrophysiologic recovery after ischemia, probably because of their hypotensive effects when given intravenously, rather than from the effects of their metabolism.