Renal myxoma: A report of two cases and review of the literature
Renal myxomas are rare neoplasms. Seven cases have been reported, of which only two are convincingly diagnosed as myxoma; the remaining cases exhibit features of sarcoma, fibroepithelial polyp, or myxolipoma. We report two additional cases; one in a 52-year-old man and another in a 68-year-old woman. They were discovered incidentally by radiological examination. The resected kidney in both patients contained a well-demarcated gelatinous intraparenchymal tumor, which consisted of occasional slender spindle cells scattered in an abundant myxoid stroma, closely resembling myxomas of other sites. The tumor cells showed immunoreactivity for vimentin but not for S-100 protein, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), CAM 5.2, HHF-35, or smooth muscle actin. Ultrastructural features were of fibroblast-like cells with an elaborate network of cytoplasmic processes. The differential diagnosis of myxoid tumors of the kidney includes myxoid variants of renal sarcomas and carcinomas, renomedullary interstitial cell tumors, and fibroepithelial polyps. It is important to recognize the existence of a renal myxoma, to avoid confusing this benign tumor with the malignant neoplasms with secondary myxoid features that may involve the kidney.