Mutations of the VHL tumour suppressor gene in renal carcinoma Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Carcinoma
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor
  • Kidney Neoplasms
  • Mutation
  • Sequence Deletion
  • von Hippel-Lindau Disease

abstract

  • Multiple, bilateral renal carcinomas are a frequent occurrence in von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease. To elucidate the aetiological role of the VHL gene in human kidney tumorigenesis, localized and advanced tumours from 110 patients with sporadic renal carcinoma were analysed for VHL mutations and loss of heterozygosity (LOH). VHL mutations were identified in 57% of clear cell renal carcinomas analysed and LOH was observed in 98% of those samples. Moreover, VHL was mutated and lost in a renal tumour from a patient with familial renal carcinoma carrying the constitutional translocation, t(3;8)(p14;q24). The identification of VHL mutations in a majority of localized and advanced sporadic renal carcinomas and in a second form of hereditary renal carcinoma indicates that the VHL gene plays a critical part in the origin of this malignancy.

publication date

  • May 1994

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/ng0594-85

PubMed ID

  • 7915601

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 85

end page

  • 90

volume

  • 7

number

  • 1