The effects of warm versus cold blood cardioplegia on endothelial function, myocardial function, and energetics
Heart Arrest, Induced
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury
Ventricular Function, Left
For 30 minutes of aortic cross-clamp time, continuous warm cardioplegia did not provide any benefit over a single injection of cold cardioplegia in coronary endothelial and smooth muscle function, myocardial function, and energetics.