Varying extracellular [K+]: A functional approach to separating EDHF- and EDNO-related mechanisms in perfused rat mesenteric arterial bed Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Biological Factors
  • Endothelium, Vascular
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Potassium


  • We describe a simple, functional approach to defining the relative contribution of endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization (presumably mediated by a factor, EDHF) and endothelium-derived nitric oxide (EDNO) to acetylcholine (ACh) and histamine relaxations of isolated perfused rat mesenteric resistance arterial bed. In physiologic salt solution (PSS), ACh- and histamine-induced vasodilations of cirazoline-preconstricted mesenteric arterial bed were only partially attenuated by 50 microM Nw-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME). The L-NAME-resistant component was abolished by 0.5 microM apamin but not by 250 nM dendrotoxin or 10 microM glyburide, thus indicating a role for apamin-sensitive K+ channels in mediating the effects of the putative EDHF. Changing membrane potential by varying [K+] decreased L-NAME-resistant vasodilation, and showed a modest L-NAME-induced increase in the basal perfusion pressure that was not observable in normal PSS. Vasodilator responses during cirazoline-induced tonus in 20 mM K+ and normal PSS were superimposable, but responses to ACh and histamine in 20 mM K+ were profoundly more sensitive to L-NAME than were those in normal PSS media. ACh responses during 20-mM K+ PSS perfusion and presumably mediated by EDNO and those resistant to L-NAME and putatively mediated by EDHF were antagonized by graded concentrations of p-fluorohexahydro-siladifenidol (p-F-HHSiD), but not pirenzepine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • March 5, 1993



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 7681503

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 423

end page

  • 9


  • 21


  • 3