Gallbladder Cancer Discovered During Laparoscopic Surgery: Potential for latrogenic Tumor Dissemination
Herpesvirus 4, Human
Tumor Suppressor Proteins
Tumor dissemination is a real hazard of laparoscopic violation of gallbladder integrity in the presence of gallbladder cancer. Modification of management based on awareness of such a hazard is needed to improve resectability and outcome of future cases of laparoscopically discovered gallbladder cancer.