Molecular genetic alterations of chromosome 17 and p53 nuclear overexpression in human bladder cancer
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
We set out to define the alterations of chromosome 17 in human bladder tumors and to correlate p53 nuclear over-expression with 17p deletions in those neoplasms. We studied 60 bladder tumors by restriction fragment-length polymorphism analysis directed at five different loci on chromosome 17. The same tumors were studied with a panel of mouse monoclonal antibodies (PAb1801, PAb240, and PAb1620) to mutant and wild-type p53 proteins using immunohistochemistry. Deletion of 17p correlated with grade (p = 0.039), stage (p = 0.004), and the presence of vascular invasion (p = 0.056). None of the pathologic parameters correlated with 17q deletions. p53 nuclear overexpression correlated with grade (p = 0.027), stage (p = 0.008), vascular invasion (p = 0.021), and the presence of nodal metastases (p = 0.007). In superficial (Ta) lesions, 17p was not deleted, whereas 55% of T1 and T2-T4 tumors showed a loss of heterozygosity. Mutations of p53 as detected by immunohistochemistry were seen in superficial as well as invasive tumors, whereas loss of heterozygosity was seen only in invasive tumors. A strong correlation was found between the presence of mutation and the loss of heterozygosity of the remaining allele (p = 0.0003). Additional follow-up and further studies are required to better define the role of p53 nuclear overexpression and 17p deletions as markers of tumor progression in human bladder cancer.