Influence of sodium intake on in vivo left ventricular anatomy in experimental renovascular hypertension Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Diet, Sodium-Restricted
  • Hypertension, Renovascular
  • Myocardium

abstract

  • The effect of different dietary salt contents (0.0035, 0.4, and 4%) on in vivo left ventricular (LV) geometry was studied by necropsy-validated echocardiographic methods in groups of 30 two-kidney, one-clip (2K, 1C) and one-kidney, one-clip (1K, 1C) male Wistar rats and two-kidney (2K) and one-kidney (1K) shams 9 wk after surgery. The salt-deficient diet was associated with lower body weight, higher plasma renin activity in both 2K,1C and 2K shams (P < 0.004) and higher hematocrit in 2K,1C (P < 0.02). Blood pressure was increased by high-salt diet in experimental groups but not in shams (P < 0.01). Increase in dietary sodium content was associated with increased cross-sectional area index (CSAI) and LV mass index in 2K rats independently of renal artery stenosis (P < 0.0007) and also in 1K shams (P < 0.01). LV end-diastolic dimension was greater in 1K,1C and 1K shams than in 2K,1C and 2K shams at every level of sodium intake and was directly related to atrial natriuretic factor levels in both 1K,1C (r = 0.68) and 2K,1C (r = 0.59). LV hypertrophy was independently predicted by blood pressure (P < 0.0006) and high-sodium diet (P < 0.05) in 1K rats (multiple r = 0.57, P < 0.001) and by high-sodium diet (P < 0.0001) and low hematocrit (P < 0.05) in 2K rats (multiple r = 0.76, P < 0.0001). Thus provision of normal or high sodium content in the diet was a more consistent stimulus to LV hypertrophy than the level of blood pressure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • January 1993

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 8322939

Additional Document Info

start page

  • H2103

end page

  • 10

volume

  • 264

number

  • 6 33-6