Molecular interactions mediating T-B lymphocyte collaboration in human lymphoid follicles: Roles of T cell-B cell-activating molecule (5c8 antigen) and CD40 in contact-dependent help
Antigens, Differentiation, B-Lymphocyte
Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte
In lymphoid follicles, CD4+ T lymphocytes provide contact-dependent stimuli to B cells that are critical for the generation of specific antibody responses in a process termed Th function. The CD4+ T cell-restricted surface activation protein, 5c8 Ag (T-BAM), has recently been shown to be a component of the contact-dependent helper signal to B cells. To further dissect this process, we utilized a Jurkat T cell lymphoma clone, termed D1.1, that constitutively expresses T-BAM and activates peripheral B cells to express surface CD23 in a contact-dependent mechanism that is inhibited by mAb anti-T-BAM (5c8). Similar to its effect on peripheral B cells, Jurkat D1.1 activates B cells from lymphoid organs, as well as a B cell lymphoma clone, RAMOS 266,4CN 3F10 (RAMOS 266), to up-regulate surface CD23. Interestingly, mAb to the B cell surface molecule, CD40 (mAb G28-5 and B-B20), inhibit D1.1 induced activation of RAMOS 266 and peripheral and lymphoid B cells. In contrast, mAb to CR2 or the adhesion molecules, LFA1, LFA3, or ICAM-1, have little effect. The inhibitory effect of anti-CD40 mAb on B cell activation induced by D1.1 is specific because anti-CD40 potentiates, rather than inhibits, the up-regulation of CD23 on B cells induced by rIL-4. Moreover, cross-linking CD40 molecules by anti-CD40 mAb bound to Fc gamma RII+ (CD32) L cells induces B cell CD23 expression. In vivo, T-BAM-expressing cells are CD4+ T cells that are restricted to lymphoid organs and are localized in the mantle and centrocytic zones of lymphoid follicles and the spleen periarteriolar lymphoid sheath in association with CD40+ B cells. Taken together, these data demonstrate that T-BAM on T cells and CD40 on B cells are involved in contact-dependent T-B help interactions that occur in lymphoid follicles.