Molecular pathogenesis of HIV-associated lymphomas Review uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • HIV Infections
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin

abstract

  • The data presented here indicate that the pathogenesis of AIDS-NHL is variably associated with multiple genetic alterations including monoclonal EBV infection, oncogene activation (c-myc, N-, Ki-ras) and tumor suppressor gene (p53) inactivation. Up to three (3 cases) or four (1 case) different lesions have been observed in the same tumor. The distribution of these lesions among the various histotypes is heterogeneous, although some preferential associations have been found either between lesion and histotype or between lesions. The most notable case involves p53 mutations/loss that is exclusively associated with the SNCC lymphoma subtype. Since alterations of the c-myc gene occur at very high frequency in this same histotype it is possible that both lesions may be required for the pathogenesis of the BL phenotype. The consistent negativity of p53 lesions in other NHLs associated or non associated with HIV infection (18) reinforces this hypothesis. Finally, we note that the frequency of p53 mutations is significantly higher in AIDS-BL than in non HIV-related BL (18), although the significancy of this difference remains to be assessed. This study confirms the relatively low frequency of EBV infection in systemic AIDS-NHL in general, but reinforces the notion that EBV may be required for the pathogenesis of AIDS-LC-IBP, as recently suggested by the high frequency of EBV positivity in primary CNS AIDS-NHL which are mostly represented by LC-IBP (2). Conversely, the low frequency of EBV sequences in the AIDS-SNCC lymphomas appears similar to that observed in sBL. Only in a small minority of cases were ras oncogene mutations found, mostly associated with the BL type.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • December 1992

Research

keywords

  • Review

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 1325169

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 731

end page

  • 5

volume

  • 8

number

  • 5