Extracellular proteins of goldfish optic tectum labeled by intraocular injection of 3H-proline
Protein Interaction Maps
A prominent group of soluble glycoproteins with a molecular weight of 30K-40K and pI 5.0-5.6 was detected in various parts of the goldfish brain as well as in the optic nerves. Since these proteins are readily liberated from the tissue, we have designated them exoglycoproteins (X-GPs). The X-GPs in the optic tectum were found to be labeled after intraocular injection of radioactive tracers, in a manner consistent with the labeling of proteins transported in the optic axons. However, the labeling of X-GPs was blocked by intracranial injection of a protein synthesis inhibitor, whereas the labeling of axonally transported proteins was unaffected. This shows that the X-GPs can be synthesized locally within the brain. Nevertheless, when protein synthesis in the retina was blocked, the labeling of the X-GPs in the tectum was prevented, like the labeling of axonally transported proteins. Thus precursors for the synthesis of X-GPs can be derived from materials transported in the optic axons. This synthesis can occur in nonneuronal cells, as indicated by the incorporation of labeled amino acid into X-GPs in optic nerves directly exposed to the label. The synthesis of X-GPs was increased in regenerating nerves, suggesting that these proteins may play a role in regeneration. Partial amino acid sequencing of the proteins showed that they are identical to the proteins previously identified as "ependymins," which have been implicated in neuronal plasticity. There are minor differences in amino acid sequence among some individual spots.