Effects of nifedipine-GITS on left ventricular mass and left ventricular filling Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Cardiomegaly
  • Hypertension
  • Nifedipine

abstract

  • Sixteen patients with initial diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 120 mm Hg were treated for 1 year with extended-release nifedipine [nifedipine-GITS (gastrointestinal therapeutic system)]. Serial changes in left ventricular mass index and associated alterations in left ventricular systolic function, left ventricular filling, plasma renin activity, atrial natriuretic peptide, and catecholamines were evaluated. Blood pressure was significantly reduced from 200 +/- 8/122 +/- 3 mm Hg (mean +/- SEM) to 144 +/- 5/89 +/- 2 mm Hg (p less than 0.0001) at 1 year. Eleven patients (69%) required only nifedipine-GITS for blood pressure control and 5 (31%) required the addition of chlorthalidone. After 6 months, the left ventricular mass index was significantly reduced by 19% from 121 +/- 8 to 96 +/- 7 g/m2 and this reduction was sustained at 1 year. Septal and posterior wall thicknesses were reduced from 13.4 +/- 0.1 to 11.2 +/- 0.04 mm and from 12.8 +/- 0.1 to 10.0 +/- 0.03 mm (p less than 0.001), respectively. Prevalence of left ventricular hypertrophy decreased from 63 to 25%. Left ventricular fractional shortening increased from 34 to 42% (p less than 0.05) and the relationship between fractional shortening and end-systolic stress did not change. Over the year of sustained blood pressure reduction, the peak velocity of early filling increased from 58 to 63 cm/s (p = 0.07), the peak velocity of late filling did not change, and the ratio of late to early peak velocity of left ventricular filling significantly decreased (p less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • January 1992

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 1377301

Additional Document Info

start page

  • S28

end page

  • 34

volume

  • 19

number

  • SUPPL. 2