Effective chemotherapy for melanoma after treatment with interleukin‐2
Intervertebral Disc Degeneration
Intervertebral Disc Displacement
Twenty patients with biopsy-proven metastatic malignant melanoma, previously treated with interleukin-2 (IL-2), received combination chemotherapy for progressive disease. Treatment included carmustine, cisplatin, dacarbazine, and tamoxifen (BCDT). Nausea was the most common toxicity (100%) and usually was mild. Persistent thrombocytopenia was the most frequent toxicity limiting further treatment. Eleven patients (55%) had an objective partial response, three patients (15%) had a minor response, and six patients (30%) had no change or progressive disease in response to this treatment. These results were comparable to the high response rates (21 of 40, 53%) achieved with BCDT in previously untreated patients with melanoma. It was concluded that prior therapy using IL-2 does not significantly alter the response rate of metastatic melanoma to BCDT, thus suggesting that immunomodulators (e.g., IL-2) and chemotherapeutic agents are not cross-resistant treatments.