Cognitive and motor impairments associated with SIV infection in rhesus monkeys
Simian Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Cognitive and motor deficits are now recognized as significant clinical features of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Juvenile rhesus macaques infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) were found to exhibit cognitive and motor deficits characteristic of HIV infection. Impairment on a motor skill task was the most reliable indicator of infection. Various cognitive impairments were also evident. These deficits were related to SIV infection of the brain but not to inflammatory lesions at a particular locus. The results suggest that the SIV-infected rhesus macaque is a valuable model for understanding the cause of HIV-associated central nervous system dysfunction and for developing a treatment.