Pentalogy of Cantrell and ectopia cordis, a familial developmental field complex
Heart Defects, Congenital
The association of sternal fusion defects with various cardiac, diaphragmatic, and anterior body wall defects represents a developmental field complex that includes the Pentalogy of Cantrell and ectopia cordis. No familial cases have been reported previously. We present 3 consecutively born brothers with extensive diaphragmatic defects, 2 who had the Pentalogy of Cantrell. One of the 2 also had ectopia cordis.