cAMP stimulates cholesteryl ester clearance to high density lipoproteins in J774 macrophages
The regulation by cAMP of cholesteryl ester hydrolysis and net depletion of cellular cholesteryl ester (cholesteryl ester clearance) in J774 murine macrophages was explored. Using Sandoz 58035 to selectively inhibit acyl CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase, we showed that the absolute rate of cholesteryl ester hydrolysis was stimulated 2-fold in J774 cells by the cAMP analogues 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate and dibutyryl-cAMP. The rate of hydrolysis was also stimulated by prostaglandin E1, by cholera toxin, and by a mixture of forskolin and isobutylmethylxanthine, but was not affected by epinephrine or dibutyryl-cGMP. These data demonstrate that cholesteryl ester hydrolysis in J774 cells can be stimulated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Cholesteryl ester clearance from J774 cells was achieved upon incubation with high density lipoproteins (HDL) plus CPT-cAMP but not with HDL alone. HDL-mediated cholesteryl ester clearance was dependent on the concentration of both HDL and CPT-cAMP. The data suggest that the defect responsible for the lack of HDL-mediated cholesteryl ester clearance in J774 cells involves a failure to modulate cAMP levels.