Experimental autoimmune neuropathy with anti-GM1 antibodies and immunoglobulin deposits at the nodes of Ranvier Academic Article Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic
  • Gangliosides
  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Myelin-Associated Glycoprotein

abstract

  • Antibodies to GM1 or Gal(beta 1-3)GalNAc are associated with motor or sensorimotor neuropathy and with motor neuron disease. To investigate the role of these antibodies in the neurological disorder, rabbits were immunized with GM1 or with Gal(beta 1-3)GalNAc-BSA, and studied serologically, electrophysiologically and pathologically. Development of antibodies to the immunizing antigens was associated with a fall in the ratio of the amplitudes of the compound muscle action potential evoked by proximal versus distal stimulation of the sciatic nerve. Pathological studies revealed mild axonal degeneration and immunoglobulin deposits at the nodes of Ranvier in peripheral nerve, resembling those reported in a patient with motor neuropathy, motor conduction block and anti-GM1 antibodies. These studies provide evidence that anti-GM1 or anti-Gal(beta 1-3)GalNAc antibodies cause conduction abnormalities and indicate that the antibodies may exert their effect, in part, by binding at the nodes of Ranvier in peripheral nerve.

publication date

  • November 21, 1991

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/BF00296548

PubMed ID

  • 1767631

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 378

end page

  • 83

volume

  • 82

number

  • 5