Differential regulation of transforming growth factor β and interleukin 2 genes in human T cells: Demonstration by usage of novel competitor DNA constructs in the quantitative polymerase chain reaction Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Interleukin-2
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • T-Lymphocytes
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta


  • The regulation of mRNA encoding transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and interleukin 2 (IL-2) in normal human T cells was explored using novel competitor DNA constructs in the quantitative polymerase chain reaction and accessory cell-independent T cell activation models. Our experimental design revealed the following: (a) TGF-beta mRNA and IL-2 mRNA are regulated differentially in normal human T cells, quiescent or signaled with the synergistic combinations of: sn-1,2-dioctanoylglycerol and ionomycin or anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (mAb) and anti-CD2 mAb; (b) the steady-state level of TGF-beta mRNA in the stimulated T cells, in contrast to that of IL-2 mRNA, is increased by the immunosuppressant cyclosporine (CsA); and (c) the paradoxical effect of CsA on TGF-beta mRNA levels is also appreciable at the level of production of functionally active TGF-beta protein. Our findings, in addition to demonstrating the utility of the competitor DNA constructs for the precise quantification of immunoregulatory cytokines, suggest a novel and unifying mechanistic basis for the immunosuppression and some of the complications (e.g., renal fibrosis) associated with CsA usage.

publication date

  • January 1991



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC2119008

PubMed ID

  • 1682412

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1259

end page

  • 62


  • 174


  • 5