Symptoms of eating disorders in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH

  • Adult
  • Ambulatory Care
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Body Image
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Bulimia
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Personality Inventory
  • Sex Factors

MeSH Major

  • Feeding and Eating Disorders
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

abstract

  • This study was designed to explore potential overlap of the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder and eating disorders. The authors administered a structured, self-rating scale, the Eating Disorder Inventory, to 59 outpatients at an obsessive-compulsive disorder clinic and to 60 sex-matched normal volunteers. The Eating Disorder Inventory has been previously validated as a reliable measure of the specific cognitive and behavioral dimensions of the psychopathology typical of patients with eating disorders. The scores of the patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and of the healthy comparison subjects were compared with those of 32 female inpatients with anorexia nervosa (N = 10) or bulimia nervosa (N = 22) who had also been given the inventory. The patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder scored significantly higher than the healthy comparison subjects on all eight subscales of the Eating Disorder Inventory: drive for thinness, bulimia, body dissatisfaction, ineffectiveness, perfectionism, interpersonal distrust, interoceptive awareness, and maturity fears. Relative to the healthy subjects, male patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder had more symptoms than female patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. The scores of the female patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder were midway between those of the 32 female patients with eating disorders and those of the 35 female normal subjects. These results suggest that patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder display significantly more disturbed eating attitudes and behavior than healthy comparison subjects and that they share some of the psychopathological eating attitudes and behavior that are common to patients with eating disorders.

publication date

  • November 1991

has subject area

  • Adult
  • Ambulatory Care
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Body Image
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Bulimia
  • Feeding and Eating Disorders
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
  • Personality Inventory
  • Sex Factors

Research

keywords

  • Journal Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1176/ajp.148.11.1552

PubMed ID

  • 1928472

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1552

end page

  • 1557

volume

  • 148

number

  • 11