Pressor actions of arginine vasopressin in pithed Sprague-Dawley, Wistar-Kyoto and spontaneously hypertensive rats before and after treatment with nifedipine or pertussis toxin Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Arginine Vasopressin
  • Decerebrate State
  • Hypertension
  • Nifedipine
  • Pertussis Toxin
  • Pressoreceptors
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella


  • The pressor actions of arginine vasopressin (AVP) were examined in pithed Sprague-Dawley and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Prior to pithing, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were recorded via an intra-arterial catheter from sodium pentobarbital anaesthetized rats. SBP and DBP recorded from SHR were significantly greater than those from Sprague-Dawley and WKY rats. However, after pithing, there were no significant differences between DBP among the various strains. Pertussis toxin pretreatment significantly reduced the prepithing SBP and DBP of the SHR but not Sprague-Dawley or WKY rats. Administration of nifedipine significantly reduced DBP of pithed rats. The dose-diastolic pressure response curves obtained from infusion of AVP in Sprague-Dawley and WKY rats were not significantly different from one another, but the maximal vasopressor responses to AVP in pithed SHR were enhanced. Administration of nifedipine to Sprague-Dawley and WKY rats did not affect the dose-response curve to AVP, but nifedipine administration in SHR led to a significant inhibition of the pressor responses to AVP. Furthermore, pertussis toxin pretreatment of rats significantly reduced a component of the AVP pressor effect in SHR but not Sprague-Dawley or WKY rats. We speculate that, in SHR, vasopressin receptors are coupled to a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein that, in turn, may couple to a dihydropyridine-sensitive calcium channel and also to a pertussis-insensitive G protein that is probably coupled to the phospholipase C/intracellular calcium release process. A component of the elevated blood pressure in SHR is also regulated by a pertussis toxin-sensitive process.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • January 1991



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 1663982

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 813

end page

  • 8


  • 9


  • 9