Mechanism of vascular smooth muscle contraction by sodium fluoride in the isolated aorta of rat and rabbit Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
  • Sodium Fluoride
  • Vasoconstriction

abstract

  • The purpose of this study was to determine the cellular basis for fluoride ion (F-)-induced contractions of isolated aortic rings from both the rat and the rabbit. The F- contractions were not affected by endothelial denudation but were enhanced in the presence of A (0.1 or 1.0 mM) added to the bathing Krebs' solution. The contractile effect of F- also was not modified by bathing with Ca(++)-free + ethylene glycol bis(b-aminoethylether)-N,N-tetracetic acid Krebs' solution or nifedipine (10 microM), but was attenuated by inorganic (Cd++, Co++ and Ni++) Ca++ antagonists in normal and Ca(++)-free Krebs' media. Bis(o-aminophenoxy)-ethane-N-N-N'-N'-tetraacetic acid, ryanodine and intracellular Ca++ modulators, respectively, caused 36.1 +/- 6.1%, 16.4 +/- 6.8% and 52.3 +/- 7.3% inhibition of the contractile response to F- in a Ca(++)-free media while causing near complete inhibition of norepinephrine-induced contractions. F- contractions were also inhibited by the calmodulin antagonists W-7 and calmidazolium (IC50 = 23.0 +/- 7.0 and 45.0 +/- 10.0 microM, respectively). On the other hand, the protein kinase C antagonists staurosporine and H-7 potently (IC50 = 0.016 +/- 0.007 and 1.1 +/- 0.5 microM, respectively) inhibited the fluoride-induced contractions. Aortic rings from the rabbit were similarly potently antagonized by the protein kinase C inhibitors, however, K(+)-induced contractions were also equally sensitive to these agents in both rat and rabbit tissues. The putative phospholipase C inhibitor neomycin was significantly less effective (IC50 = 13.0 +/- 5.0, 0.44 +/- 0.09 and 0.89 +/- 0.40 mM) at inhibiting F- than norepinephrine and KCl contractile effects.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • January 1991

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 1649301

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 66

end page

  • 73

volume

  • 258

number

  • 1