Nerve growth factor potentiates bradykinin-induced calcium influx and release in PC12 cells
Nerve Growth Factors
To investigate how the response to agonists changes during neuronal differentiation, we examined the effect of nerve growth factor (NGF) on bradykinin-induced calcium increases in PC12 cells. Short-term (1 h) treatment with NGF increased the potency of bradykinin to raise intracellular calcium by about 10-fold, whereas long-term (1 week) treatment, which was associated with the expression of the differentiated phenotype, increased the potency about 100-fold. Neither treatment affected the maximal response to bradykinin. NGF alone had no acute effect on calcium levels. Short-term potentiation appeared to be mainly a result of greater release of calcium from intracellular stores, whereas the effect of long-term treatment apparently was due to increases in both release from intracellular stores and calcium influx. [3H]Bradykinin binding to intact PC12 cells was unaltered by short-term NGF treatment, whereas differentiated cells displayed a 50% increase in receptor number and about a twofold increase in affinity as compared with cells not treated with NGF. The production of inositol phosphates in response to bradykinin correlated poorly with the calcium transients, in that large calcium responses were associated with small increases in inositol phosphates. Neither NGF treatment had a significant effect on the appearance of inositol phosphates in response to bradykinin. Experiments with permeabilized cells revealed that differentiated cells did not display a heightened response to exogenously added inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. Our results demonstrate that NGF modulates the bradykinin signaling pathway without acutely activating this pathway itself.