Disturbances of affect expression in failure-to-thrive
Failure to Thrive
Positive and negative affects were assessed in 28 6- to 36-month-old children with failure-to-thrive and 14 normally growing children in feeding and nonfeeding situations. The roles of malnutrition and severity of organic effects also were examined. Failure-to-thrive children expressed less positive affect in the feeding and nonfeeding situations and more negative affect in feeding than normally growing children. Among failure-to-thrive children, the presence of both acute and chronic malnutrition was associated with heightened negative affect during feeding, whereas the degree of organic contribution had no effect. These results, if replicated, may have implications for clinical assessment and are discussed in terms of current theories of failure-to-thrive.