the role of autologous tumor cells in preventing lymphokine‐activated killer cell induction in vitro
Gene Regulatory Networks
Peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL), when cultured in vitro in the presence of autologous irradiated tumor and interleukin-2 (IL-2), become more restricted in the spectrum of their cytotoxicity. The cells continue to exhibit cytotoxicity for autologous tumor cells and major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-concordant allogeneic tumor cells of similar histologic type but not for the natural killer target cell line, K562. Furthermore, the addition of autologous tumor at different time points after the initiation with IL-2 alone of conventional lymphokine-activated killer cell cultures modifies both the specificity and the degree of cytotoxicity of these lymphocytes for tumor targets. By varying the culture conditions it may be possible to generate killer cells that will exhibit similarly enhanced and more restricted antitumor effects in vivo.