Comparative behavioral, neurochemical and pharmacological activities of dihydropyridine calcium channel activating drugs Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Brain
  • Calcium Channel Agonists
  • Dihydropyridines
  • Motor Activity
  • Oxadiazoles


  • The behavioral (deficits in motor function in mice), neurochemical (affinity for mouse brain membrane dihydropyridine receptors, effects on neurotransmitter/metabolite levels in mice) and pharmacologic (effect on the contractile activity of guinea pig ileal longitudinal smooth muscle) properties of the calcium channel activators (+/-)-BAY K 8644, (+/-)-202-791 (and their corresponding channel activating and antagonist enantiomers) and CGP-28392 were investigated and compared. The calcium channel activating enantiomers (-)-S-BAY K 8644, (+)-S-202-791 and (+/-)-BAY K 8644, (+/-)-202-791 and CGP-28392 produced a dose-dependent impairment of rotarod ability and decreases in motor activity in mice with the following order of potency: (-)-S-BAY K 8644 greater than (+/-)-BAY K 8644 much greater than (+)-S-202-791 greater than (+/-)-202-791 = CGP-28392. The calcium channel antagonists (+)-R-BAY K 8644 and (-)-R-202-791 were behaviorally inactive but blocked the behavioral effects of (-)-S-BAY K 8644. The binding of dihydropyridine calcium channel activator and antagonist enantiomers to mouse brain membranes was described by both one and two site models. (-)-S-BAY K 8644, (+/-)-BAY K 8644, (+)-S-202-791 and CGP-28392 produced contractions in partially depolarized (15 mM K+) strips of guinea pig ileal longitudinal smooth muscle which differed in the degree of maximum contraction obtained. (+)-R-BAY K 8644 and (-)-R-202-791 inhibited potassium-induced contractions (80 mM K+) in guinea pig ileal longitudinal smooth muscle.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • July 18, 1990



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 1694243

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 905

end page

  • 12


  • 253


  • 3