Effects of preventive, early, and late antifungal chemotherapy with fluconazole in different granulocytopenic models of experimental disseminated candidiasis
ABO Blood-Group System
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Genome-Wide Association Study
To investigate the potential use of fluconazole for prevention and treatment of disseminated candidiasis in granulocytopenic patients, its in vivo antifungal activity was studied in three models of disseminated candidiasis in persistently granulocytopenic rabbits: acute, subacute, and chronic disseminated candidiasis. Fluconazole was compared with the combination of amphotericin B and flucytosine for preventive, early, and late treatment of disseminated candidiasis, depending on the model. Fluconazole was most effective when used for preventive or early treatment of acute and subacute disseminated candidiasis. When compared with the combination of amphotericin B plus flucytosine, fluconazole was similarly effective in early treatment of acute and subacute disseminated candidiasis. When treatment was delayed 6 days after established infection, fluconazole was less active in clearing tissues in comparison with its activity in preventive and early treatment. The combination of amphotericin B plus flucytosine, however, was significantly more active than fluconazole in treatment of chronic disseminated candidiasis in all tissues. In summary, fluconazole was most effective against disseminated candidiasis in persistently granulocytopenic rabbits when used for prevention or early treatment.