1,2-Diacylglycerols overcome cyclic AMP-mediated inhibition of phosphatidylcholine synthesis in GH3 pituitary cells
Previous studies showed that phorbol esters and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) stimulated phosphatidylcholine synthesis via protein kinase C in GH3 pituitary cells [Kolesnick (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 14525-14530]. In contrast, 1,2-diacylglycerol-stimulated phosphatidylcholine synthesis appeared independent of protein kinase C. The present studies compare phosphatidylcholine synthesis stimulated by these agents with inhibition via the cyclic AMP system. The potent phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA, 10 nM) increased [32P]Pi incorporation into phosphatidylcholine at 30 min to 159 +/- 6% of control. The adenylate cyclase activator cholera toxin (CT; 10 nM) and the cyclic AMP analogue dibutyryl cyclic AMP (1 mM) abolished this effect. CT similarly abolished TRH-induced phosphatidylcholine, but not phosphatidylinositol, synthesis. This is the first report of inhibiton of receptor-mediated phosphatidylcholine synthesis by the cyclic AMP system. The 1,2-diacylglycerol 1,2-dioctanoylglycerol (diC8) also stimulated concentration-dependent phosphatidylcholine synthesis. DiC8 (3 micrograms/ml) induced an effect quantitatively similar to that of maximal concentrations of PMA and TRH, whereas a maximal diC8 concentration (30 micrograms/ml) stimulated an effect 3-4-fold greater than these other agents. CT decreased the effect of diC8 (3 micrograms/ml) by 80%. Higher diC8 concentrations overcame the CT inhibition. Similar results were obtained with dibutyryl cyclic AMP. Additional differences were found between low and high concentrations of diC8. Low concentrations of diC8 failed to induce additive phosphatidylcholine synthesis with maximal concentrations of PMA, whereas high concentrations were additive. Hence, low concentrations of 1,2-diacylglycerols appear to be regulated similarly to phorbol esters, and higher concentrations appear to act via a pathway unavailable to phorbol esters.