Diurnal and postural variations in plasma atrial natriuretic factor, plasma guanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate and sodium excretion Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor
  • Circadian Rhythm
  • Cyclic GMP
  • Posture
  • Sodium

abstract

  • 1. We studied diurnal patterns of plasma atrial natriuretic factor, plasma guanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate and urinary sodium excretion in normal subjects after 3 days on a 200 mmol of sodium/60 mmol of potassium diet. On the fourth day blood samples and urine were collected every 3 h. 2. Two studies were performed. In study 1, normal subjects (n = 8) were recumbent for 23 h from 09.00 hours to 08.00 hours the next day. In study 2, normal subjects (n = 10) were permitted to ambulate from 09.00 hours to 23.00 hours and then were recumbent until 08.00 hours the next day. 3. In study 1, assumption of the recumbent posture was associated with increases in plasma atrial natriuretic factor (P less than 0.01), plasma guanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (P less than 0.05) and urinary sodium excretion (P less than 0.05). 4. In contrast, in study 2 there were no significant changes in plasma atrial natriuretic factor during the day; instead, plasma atrial natriuretic factor increased overnight, reaching a peak at 24.00 hours after 1 h of recumbency (P less than 0.01). A smaller rise in plasma guanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (P less than 0.05) occurred; urinary sodium excretion decreased markedly (P less than 0.01) and there was no change in creatinine clearance. 5. In both studies, recumbency was associated with an initial drop, followed by a rise, in packed cell volume. 6. These data demonstrate that assumption of the supine position induces a rise in plasma atrial natriuretic factor and accounts for most of the observed variation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • January 1990

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 2171858

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 371

end page

  • 6

volume

  • 79

number

  • 4