IFN-γ and IFN-α induce the expression and synthesis of Leu 13 antigen by cultured human endothelial cells
Interferon Type I
Leu 13 is a 16 kDa human lymphocyte surface Ag and monoclonal anti-Leu 13 induces T cell aggregation and alters T cell proliferation. In previous studies using anti-Leu 13, Leu 13 Ag has been detected on endothelial cells (EC) of arteries, capillaries, and veins in human tissue sections. In contrast, in this study using the same antibody, Leu 13 Ag could not be detected on unstimulated cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) by indirect immunofluorescence, immunoperoxidase staining, or immunoisolation of radiolabeled Ag from labeled endothelial cells. However, when HUVEC were cultured with IFN-gamma, Leu 13 Ag was demonstrable using all three detection techniques. Leu 13 Ag was detectable after 24 h of incubation with IFN-gamma (30 U/ml) and was maximally expressed after 72 h. After removal of IFN-gamma, Leu 13 Ag progressively declined back to basal levels by 4 days. Induction of Leu 13 Ag expression by IFN-gamma was suppressed by cycloheximide. Although Leu 13 Ag expression was also induced by IFN-alpha, PMA, and IL-1 were inactive. When HUVEC were incubated with IFN-gamma, surface-labeled with 125I, and then solubilized, anti-Leu 13 immunoisolated a 16-kDa radioactive band that comigrated with Leu 13 immunoisolated from T cells. Similar results were obtained using HUVEC that were metabolically labeled with 35S-methionine. These results demonstrate that HUVEC stimulated with IFN-gamma and IFN-alpha express Leu 13 Ag on their surface and suggest that exposure of EC to IFN may induce EC to develop new functional properties at sites of inflammatory and immune reactions.