Relationship of atrial natriuretic factor to left ventricular volume and mass Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Retinal Diseases
  • Vitreous Body


  • Although atrial natriuretic factor is primarily of atrial origin, recent observations indicate that the hormone is also synthesized by hypertrophied left ventricular myocardium. To assess the separate influences of left ventricular and left atrial dilatation and left ventricular hypertrophy on human atrial natriuretic factor levels, left atrial dimension and volume and left ventricular dimension and mass were compared in 49 normal subjects, in 33 patients with chronic aortic regurgitation, and in 15 patients with chronic mitral regurgitation. When compared with normal subjects, patients with chronic aortic and mitral regurgitation had similarly dilated and hypertrophied left ventricles (p less than 0.0005), while only mitral regurgitation patients had significantly enlarged (p less than 0.0005) mean left atrial dimension and volume. Likewise, plasma atrial natriuretic factor was elevated among patients with mitral regurgitation (60.3 +/- 47.0 fmol/ml) but was normal in patients with aortic regurgitation (19.0 +/- 11.0 fmol/ml versus 12.4 +/- 5.2 fmol/ml in normals; both p less than 0.0005 versus mitral regurgitation). Among all 97 subjects, atrial natriuretic factor levels correlated more closely with left atrial dimension and volume (r = 0.62 and 0.64, p less than 0.0005) than with left ventricular dimension (r = 0.44, p less than 0.0005) or mass (r = 0.40, p less than 0.0005). In addition, multivariate analysis indicated that left atrial volume bore a stronger independent relationship to plasma atrial natriuretic factor levels than either age or left ventricular variables.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • January 1989



  • Academic Article


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0002-8703(89)90015-X

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1236

end page

  • 42


  • 118


  • 6