Comparative studies on the protein composition of hymenopteran venom reservoirs Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Fibroblasts
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Implants, Experimental
  • Lymphokines
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis
  • Retroviridae
  • Skin
  • Transduction, Genetic
  • Wound Healing
  • Wounds and Injuries


  • The proteins of venom reservoirs from 25 hymenopteran species from 21 genera were investigated with regard to their protein composition and immunological similarities. It was found that low mol. wt proteins and polypeptides are typical for the venoms of ants, social wasps and bees. Six species of ichneumonoid parasitic wasps lack these low mol. wt proteins. Except for bee venoms none of the low mol. wt proteins contain mannose. The venoms of ichneumonoid parasites and ants contained primarily acidic proteins, whereas those of social wasps and bees contained abundant neutral and basic proteins. Immunological analysis showed that a number of venom proteins from parasitic braconid (Chelonus) wasps shared conserved immunoreactive determinants with the venom proteins of higher Hymenoptera, including some not of parasitic habit. Implications of phylogenetic relationships among hymenopteran species are discussed.

publication date

  • January 1989



  • Academic Article


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0041-0101(89)90410-8

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 105

end page

  • 14


  • 27


  • 1