Simultaneous infusion of calcium and phosphorus in parenteral nutrition for premature infants: Use of physiologic calcium/phosphorus ratio
Parenteral Nutrition, Total
We hypothesized that parenteral delivery of calcium and phosphorus in a ratio of 1.7:1 would promote retention of these minerals and decrease urinary phosphorus excretion, and that delivery of increased amounts of this ratio would result in higher retentions. Serum levels and retention of calcium and phosphorus were measured as calcium intake was increased from 36 to 76 mg/kg/day in 10 mg increments and as phosphorus intake was adjusted to maintain the 1.7:1 ratio. Five different infants were studied at each of the five levels. The amounts of calcium and phosphorus retained increased steadily and at level 5 were 71.8 +/- 1.2 mg/kg/day and 40.9 +/- 1.7 mg/kg/day, respectively. Over the five levels the average percent calcium retention was 91.4 +/- 4.2 and the average percent phosphorus retention was 89.1 +/- 7.7. The provision of parenteral calcium and phosphorus in a 1.7:1 ratio resulted in a balanced retention of both minerals over the range studied. The use of this calcium/phosphorus ratio appears to be appropriate for the preterm infant receiving total parenteral nutrition.