Recurrent myoglobinuria and HIV seropositivity: Incidental or pathogenic association?
There have been few cases of polymyositis in patients with AIDS, and polymyositis is rarely a cause of myoglobinuria. We studied a 20-year-old homosexual man with recurrent myoglobinuria. He was asymptomatic between episodes. Each episode was accompanied by muscle pain, limb weakness, high serum levels of creatine kinase, and pigmenturia. Muscle biopsy showed active necrosis without inflammation or abnormalities of glycolytic or other energy-generating enzymes. Antibodies to HIV were present in serum. Clinical evidence of AIDS has not developed in 2 years. Recurrent myoglobinuria may be another consequence of HIV infection.