Increased density of Ecto 5' nucleotidase antigen on leukemic T cells from patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • 5'-Nucleotidase
  • Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell
  • Sezary Syndrome
  • T-Lymphocytes

abstract

  • Malignant CD4+ T cells in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) express a number of cell surface molecules that are upregulated on normal T cells activated by foreign antigen. In this report we describe an interesting exception to the parallel phenotypic features of activated T cells and malignant CD4+ T cells. A monoclonal antibody (MoAb; termed 27.2) that was raised to HTLV-1+, CD4+25+ leukemic T cells stained weakly 25% of peripheral T cells, including approximately 50% of CD8+ T cells and 20% of CD4+ T cells. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that the surface density of the 27.2 antigen was unchanged or diminished when normal T cells were activated by antigen. However, 3/4 Sezary cases and 4/8 cases of ATL had relatively high densities of the 27.2 antigen. Immunoprecipitation and sodium dodecylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the NP-40-solubilized membranes of surface-iodinated ATL cells indicated that MoAb 27.2 reacted with a 75 Kd molecule. The size and distribution of the 27.2 antigen on T cell subsets suggested that it might be the enzyme ecto-5' nucleotidase (NT), a phosphatidylinositol-linked enzyme that catalyzes dephosphorylation of monophosphate nucleotides to their respective nucleosides. This was confirmed by demonstrating that lymphocyte ecto-5'NT activity was blocked partially and inhibited completely by preincubating cells with MoAb 27.2 for 1 hour at 4 degrees C and 24 hours at 37 degrees C, respectively. When used with a second MoAb (27.1) to a novel T cell activation antigen found on all CTCL and ATL leukemias examined, 27.2 was found to discriminate between normal and leukemic T cells in two patients with ATL. These studies suggest that ecto-5'NT has diagnostic value in T cell malignancies and may be aberrantly expressed in some cases of ATL and CTCL.

publication date

  • January 1989

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 2553165

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 2486

end page

  • 92

volume

  • 74

number

  • 7