Prognostic significance of the signal-averaged ECG depends on the time of recording in the postinfarction period Academic Article Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Cystectomy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Nephrectomy
  • Urinary Tract

abstract

  • Serial recordings of the signal-averaged ECG and the 24-hour ambulatory ECG were obtained from 156 patients with acute myocardial infarction up to 5 days (phase 1), 6 to 30 days (phase 2), and 31 to 60 days (phase 3) after the infarction. Left ventricular ejection fraction by radionuclide ventriculography was also determined in phase 2. The signal-averaged ECG was abnormal during one or more of the three phases in 51 patients (31%). In 35 of these patients (69%) the recording changed category between normal and abnormal with the highest prevalence of abnormal recording occurring during phase 2. Eight patients had ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation in the first 48 hours after myocardial infarction. The signal-averaged ECG was abnormal in only one of these patients. Twelve patients had late arrhythmic events during the first year of follow-up (four sudden deaths and eight instances of documented ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation). Nine of the 12 patients had an abnormal signal-averaged ECG in phase 2 and four of these nine had a normal recording in phase 1. Five patients had a transient abnormal signal-averaged ECG in phase 1, whereas six patients had an abnormal recording only in phase 3. None of these 11 patients had an arrhythmic event. Stepwise logistic regression showed that an abnormal signal-averaged ECG in phase 2 has the most significant relation to late arrhythmic events. Both an abnormal signal-averaged ECG and a left ventricular ejection fraction less than 40%, but not complex ventricular arrhythmias, were independent significant risk factors for late arrhythmic events.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • January 1989

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0002-8703(89)90183-X

PubMed ID

  • 2750647

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 256

end page

  • 64

volume

  • 118

number

  • 2