Androgen sensitivity of rat prostate carcinoma studied by 31P NMR spectroscopy, 1H MR imaging, and 23Na MR imaging
31P NMR spectroscopy, 1H magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and 23Na MR imaging were used to study the biochemical difference between nine hormone-sensitive and six hormone-resistant rat prostate cancers and to follow bioenergetic and morphologic changes subsequent to androgen deprivation in the hormone-sensitive model. Neither 1H nor 23Na MR image characteristics were useful in distinguishing androgen-sensitive from androgen-resistant prostate cancer nor in identifying androgen deprivation. 31P NMR spectroscopy did detect bioenergetic differences between the hormone-sensitive and hormone-resistant tumors. Baseline spectra showed a significantly higher PCr/ATP ratio (mean 0.86 +/- 0.09 SEM) for hormone-sensitive tumors than for hormone-resistant tumors (mean 0.26 +/- 0.07 SEM). By 3 days after androgen deprivation (orchiectomy (castration], PCr/ATP ratios had decreased noticeably; by 1 week, the decrease was statistically significant and remained so for the rest of the study (3 weeks). It appears that 31P NMR spectroscopy is useful in detecting androgen sensitivity of prostatic carcinoma.