Lipids as endogenous Na, K-ATPase inhibitors in plasma of healthy individuals and in dialysis dependent patients
We assayed plasma Na,K-ATPase inhibitory activity due to total lipids and lipid fractions. The effect of dialysis on the Na,K-ATPase inhibitory activity was also studied. Plasma lipid extracts from 11 healthy volunteers and 9 dialysis-dependent patients (pre and post dialysis) were separated into neutral lipids and phospholipids. Further fractionation was by thin layer chromatography. These lipid fractions were analyzed for Na,K-ATPase inhibitory activity by displacement of [3H]-ouabain from hog brain Na,K-ATPase. Total inhibitory activity was significantly increased (p less than 0.001) in the post-dialysis plasma compared to pre-dialysis plasma of the same patient group and to controls (482, 85 and 78 nmol/L respectively; means of the groups in digoxin equivalents). The major inhibitory activity was associated with non-esterified fatty acids with modest contributions from four other lipid fractions. Our results show that endogenous lipids are major plasma Na,K-ATPase inhibitors in vitro under these assay conditions.