A longitudinal study of urinary creatinine and creatinine clearance in normal subjects. Race, sex, and age differences Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Aging
  • Continental Population Groups
  • Creatinine
  • Sex Characteristics


  • The purpose of this study was to examine the variability of 24-hour urinary and serum creatinine levels and creatinine clearance in normal subjects and to develop nomograms for assessing the adequacy of 24-hour urine collections. The data were from a longitudinal research program examining biochemical, hormonal, and hemodynamic parameters in normal subjects. Bloods and 24-hour urine specimens were collected at yearly intervals from 144 people over 9 years, and from an additional 110 over 4 years. The subjects were originally distributed equally by sex, race (black, white), blood pressure (three groups within the normal range), and age (three groups). Men had 33% higher urine creatinines per weight than females (P less than 0.001). Because they only had 8% higher creatinine clearance per weight they also exhibited 21% higher serum creatinine. Blacks had 5% higher urine creatinine per weight than whites, perhaps reflecting greater muscle mass, but their serum creatinines were not different from those of whites, reflecting a 5% higher creatinine clearance by weight than whites (P less than 0.01). Interestingly, older black men (age greater than 60 years) had 12% lower urine creatinine/weight than younger black men (P less than 0.001). They also had 13% lower creatinine clearance by weight, resulting in no net difference in serum creatinine. The intraindividual variability in urine creatinine excretion averaged 15% and did not differ between blacks and whites and men and women. The within individual variability in serum creatinine and creatinine clearance averaged 14 and 20%, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • January 1988



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 3401350

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 124

end page

  • 31


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