Positive inotropic effect of histamine on guinea pig left atrium: H1-receptor-induced stimulation of phosphoinositide turnover Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Histamine
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Phosphatidylinositols
  • Receptors, Histamine H1

abstract

  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism of histamine's H1-receptor-mediated positive inotropic effect, a response which is not associated with an increase in cyclic AMP levels. We found that the concentration-response curve for the positive inotropic effect of histamine on cavian left atrium was similar to that of the alpha-1 agonist phenylephrine, in terms of slope and maximum response. Additionally, both agents slightly prolonged time-to-peak tension and relaxation times. In contrast, the concentration-response relationship for the beta-agonist isoproterenol, whose positive inotropic effect is mediated by an increase in cyclic AMP, had a steeper slope and a much greater maximum. Furthermore, isoproterenol abbreviated time-to-peak tension and relaxation times. As reported previously for alpha-1 agonists, the development of the contractile response to a submaximal histamine concentration (10 microM) coincided with a rapid increase in left atrial tissue levels of inositol triphosphate. The concentration-response curves for histamine effects on contractility and phosphoinositide (PI) turnover were both unaffected by the H2-antagonist tiotidine, but were shifted markedly to the right by the H1-antagonist pyrilamine. High-performance liquid chromatography techniques were applied to resolve the various inositol mono-, di- and tri-phosphate isomers and to assess the possible production of higher phosphates (IP4, IP5 and IP6) in control and histamine-treated (10 microM) atria. Under both conditions IP products were qualitatively similar, but quantitatively greater after treatment with histamine; these products included inositol(1)phosphate, inositol(4)phosphate,inositol(1,4)diphosphate and inositol(1,4,5)triphosphate. No evidence of higher phosphate production was obtained.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • January 1988

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 2846821

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 466

end page

  • 72

volume

  • 247

number

  • 2