Definition of genetic factors in hypertension: A search for major genes, polygenes, and homogeneous subtypes
Essential hypertension is a heterogeneous group of disorders with different causes. This report reviews approaches taken and results found in current studies of the genetic and environmental determinants of essential hypertension. Recent observations from the University of Utah Cardiovascular Genetics Research Clinic and published data from other studies are cited. Several biochemical tests show strong associations with hypertension and substantial major gene and/or polygenic determination including: urinary kallikrein excretion, intracellular sodium concentration, sodium-lithium countertransport, plasma haptoglobin phenotypes, MN blood groups, and familial dyslipidemia.