Antiarrhythmic efficacy of ethmozine® (moricizine HCl) compared with disopyramide and propranolol Academic Article Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Drug Utilization Review
  • Heart Failure
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Registries
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left

abstract

  • In the investigation of new antiarrhythmic drugs, comparative trials with clinically available antiarrhythmic agents provide a perspective from which to judge the new investigational agent. Two clinical investigations of moricizine HCl, each using a placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover design, are summarized. In the first study, 18 patients with greater than or equal to 30 ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) per hour (mean 369 +/- 95) were given propranolol (120 mg daily) compared with moricizine HCl (816 +/- 103 mg daily). Propranolol suppressed 38% of VPCs in the study group, moricizine HCl, 81% of VPCs, and the combination of both drugs, 87%. Moricizine HCl was more effective than propranolol in suppressing VPCs at all individual levels greater than 70% (p less than 0.05, McNemar's test). The combination of moricizine HCl and propranolol was well tolerated. The second investigation used a placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover design to compare the efficacy of disopyramide (600 mg daily) and moricizine HCl (800 mg daily) in 27 patients. Patients had greater than or equal to 40 VPCs/hr on a 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiogram. During moricizine HCl administration, the mean VPC frequency decreased from 524 to 151 VPCs/hr (71.2% reduction). In contrast, disopyramide reduced VPC frequency from 535 to 253 VPCs/hr (52.8% reduction) and demonstrated significantly greater side effects (p less than 0.05). Moricizine HCl was more effective than disopyramide in suppressing VPCs at all individual percent reduction levels greater than 70% (p less than 0.05, McNemar's test). Moricizine HCl was more effective in suppressing VPCs than either disopyramide or propranolol, with significantly fewer side effects.

publication date

  • October 16, 1987

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0002-9149(87)90722-3

PubMed ID

  • 3310586

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 52F

end page

  • 58F

volume

  • 60

number

  • 11