Membrane biochemistry of the ouabain-resistant potassium transport system
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
A 6.5-kilobase fragment of genomic DNA from mutant mouse cells under ouabain selection pressure conferred ouabain resistance when transfected into ouabain-sensitive CV1 green monkey fibroblasts. Ouabain resistance was induced in the presence of 10 microM ouabain. Amiloride (500 microM) completely blocked ouabain-insensitive 86Rb+ uptake into these cells. Plasma membranes from these cells demonstrated little sodium-dependent adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) activity but had potassium-dependent and ouabain-resistant p-nitrophenylphosphatase activity. Like Na+,K+-ATPase this activity was vanadate- and sodium-inhibitable. Also, like the Na+,K+-ATPase, sodium inhibition of the p-nitrophenylphosphatase was reversed by 10 microM adenosine 5'-triphosphate.