Evolution of hemodynamics after orthotopic heart and heart-lung transplantation: Early restrictive patterns persisting in occult fashion Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Heart Transplantation
  • Heart-Lung Transplantation
  • Hemodynamics
  • Lung Transplantation

abstract

  • Though successfully transplanted hearts respond in such a way that individuals remain remarkably asymptomatic, they do not function normally. Characterization of early hemodynamic patterns and their evolvement has not been done. The evolution of hemodynamic indices in 20 patients receiving orthotopic heart (n = 17) or combined heart-lung (n = 3) transplants is therefore documented. In 15 isolated heart recipients, right heart catheterization was performed at 24 to 48 hours, 1 to 2 weeks, 4 to 8 weeks, and greater than 3 months after surgery at the time of routine endomyocardial biopsy. Early, patients had elevated mean blood pressure (96 +/- 14 mm Hg, mean +/- standard deviation), mean right atrial pressure (15 +/- 6 mm Hg), right ventricular end-diastolic pressure (16 +/- 7 mm Hg), mean pulmonary artery pressure (30 +/- 7 mm Hg), and mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (19 +/- 6 mm Hg), but normal resting heart rate (96 +/- 14 beats/min) and cardiac output (5.6 +/- 1.6 L/min). Heart rate, blood pressure, and output did not change during follow-up, but right atrial pressure decreased dramatically (4 +/- 2 mm Hg at 3 months), as did right ventricular end-diastolic pressure (4 +/- 4 mm Hg), mean pulmonary artery pressure (21 +/- 8 mm Hg), and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (11 +/- 4 mm Hg). Analysis of right heart filling dynamics revealed an abnormal inspiratory rise in mean right atrial pressure (15 +/- 6 and 27 +/- 7 mm Hg at 24 to 48 hours) that subsequently resolved. In eight patients whose resting follow-up right heart pressures normalized, rapid volume challenge uncovered occult restrictive right atrial pressure patterns that increased from 4 +/- 4 to 9 +/- 4 mm Hg after infusion of saline solution. Kussmaul's response was not apparent with prevolume infusion, but volume expansion caused appearance of this hemodynamic pattern. All patients had early evidence of tricuspid insufficiency, but in two patients, the Doppler regurgitant fraction was over 50%. These two individuals had hemodynamics similar to the other 15 patients initially, but in contrast, their right heart filling pressures did not change during follow-up. Other significant echocardiographic findings included enlarged atria and increased left ventricular mass in all patients. In two of three combined heart-lung transplant patients, similar hemodynamic patterns were evident. Rejection indices did not correlate with hemodynamic observations. Thus a characteristic evolvement of hemodynamics in heart and heart-lung transplants that mimic dynamics associated with restrictive myocardial disease is documented.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

publication date

  • September 22, 1987

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 3112344

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 34

end page

  • 43

volume

  • 6

number

  • 1