Cerebral Congestion: A Vanished Disease Academic Article Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Breast Implants
  • Mammaplasty
  • Surgical Flaps


  • The concept of "cerebral congestion" as a cause of apoplexy was first proposed by Morgagni in 1761, and had a profound influence in the treatment of stroke during the next 150 years. It accounted not only for cerebral hemorrhage, but also for lacunae (Dechambre, 1838), état criblé (Durand-Fardel, 1842), depression, maniac outbursts, headaches, coma, and seizures. According to Hammond (1871, 1878), cerebral congestion was "more common...than any other affection of the nervous system." This notion fell into oblivion when an accurate method for bedside determination of blood pressure became available (Riva-Rocci, 1896; Korotkov, 1905) allowing for better understanding of the neurologic complications of arterial hypertension.

publication date

  • January 1987



  • Academic Article


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1001/archneur.1987.00520160074018

PubMed ID

  • 3548668

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 444

end page

  • 8


  • 44


  • 4