Endocrine and exocrine profiles of men with testicular tumors before orchiectomy
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
In 15 patients with germ cell testicular tumors serum hormone profiles and semen analysis before orchiectomy were evaluated to determine the incidence of defective spermatogenesis associated with testicular tumors. Defective spermatogenesis was noted in 10 patients (66 per cent) on the basis of low sperm concentration, motility or semen volume. Of the 10 patients 7 had sperm concentrations less than 10 million per cc. Endocrine abnormalities occurred in 10 patients, the most common of which were elevations in serum human chorionic gonadotropin and estradiol, and a relative decrease in follicle-stimulating hormone. Three patients who presented with subfertile semen analyses were treated with orchiectomy alone. Repeat semen analyses 4 to 12 months after orchiectomy showed improvement in spermatogenesis and 2 patients achieved a normal semen analysis. Endocrine abnormalities and defective spermatogenesis are common in patients with testicular tumors. These abnormalities precede orchiectomy and imply that a primary germ cell defect exists in these patients.